The Oric-1 is a home computer that appeared in 1983 and was sold mainly in the UK and France. It was made by the British computer manufacturer Tangerine Computer Systems. The Oric-1 was the successor to the Microtan 65 and the predecessor of the Oric Atmos.
Emulation is the practice of using a program (called an emulator) on a PC to mimic the behaviour of a home computer or a video game console, in order to play (usually retro) games on a computer.
Home computers were a class of microcomputers that entered the market in 1977 and became common during the 1980s. They were marketed to consumers as affordable and accessible computers that, for the first time, were intended for the use of a single non-technical user.
Learn how to emulate the Oric-1 home computer with Linux here.